sábado, 22 de marzo de 2014

Why grammar isn't cool – and why that may be about to change

Why grammar isn't cool – and why that may be about to change

Despite its reputation, grammar is colourful and fascinating. Now experts report a renewed interest in the subject
Schoolchildren Writing on Blackboard
English language can be fun if it is well taught, and we may be experiencing a grammar renaissance. Photograph: Lucien Aigner/Lucien Aigner/Corbis
A 15-year-old boy made headlines last week after writing a passionate letter of complaint to Tesco regarding bad grammar on its bottles of orange juice. Tesco claimed it used the "most tastiest" oranges, rather than "tastiest", "most tasty" or "distinctly average".
The fact it was deemed newsworthy shows how rare it is to see enthusiastic pedantry at such a young age (especially if there's no strong family history of it). But before any grammar enthusiasts get excited, he admitted language was not the only motivation – he expected some Tesco vouchers for his ordeal.
Grammar rarely makes headlines, and when it does it's often due to conflict over something the size of an apostrophe. But there's a much greater issue that needs addressing. We complain that children cannot construct a sentence as they used to, but this nostalgic attitude towards literacy abilities has always been around. What we need to focus on is grammar's reputation among the young.
Last month I attended a talk on grammar. In the weeks leading up to it I told a few people and their reactions ranged from laughter to looks of disappointment to disbelief. It didn't get much better at the talk, where the discussion often steered towards the fact that students find grammar boring.
We are supposedly most receptive to learning a second language in childhood. But when it comes to grammar, it's difficult to imagine a typical group of 10-year-olds debating whether or not to precede a gerund with a possessive noun or pronoun.
It's a challenge for anything to be accepted as "cool" among younger generations, but we'd need to worry less about the future of society if grammar could finally earn some street cred.
Its current sorry state can be ascribed to several reasons. The first and possibly most insidious barrier to grammar's image is the trail of fear left behind by old-fashioned grammarians and their pedantic followers. Instead of explanations and advice, grammatical errors are often corrected with scorn and ancient rules. This can project a sense of inadequacy that isn't conducive to learning, and perpetuates the misconception that grammar is black and white, right or wrong.
I don't entirely blame them – the pleasure of finding a typo is unbeatable – but pedants should confine such self-righteous pleasures to the privacy of the home. For the unconfident learner, the best advice was given by William Strunk Jr, author of The Elements of Style, who is alleged to have said: "If you don't know how to pronounce a word, say it loud."
Grammar's second barrier is the argument between prescriptivists and descriptivists, and the confusion this causes. I was taught never to put a comma after "and", but what if I went to the shops with my parents, a sheep and a goat?
Outdated grammar rules are offputting when they create a barrier to clear communication. If I were to sneakily split an infinitive, would I not be understood? Grammar is instinctive. I never understood what it meant to enclose parenthetic phrases in commas, probably because it sounds too confusing, but I know to do it.
The third hindrance to grammar is its reputation. When we think of grammar we picture dusty textbooks, evil teachers holding canes and dry lesson plans. But grammar is colourful, and its ability to completely change the meaning of a sentence is fascinating.
The good news is that there have been a few small "cool" victories recently. YouTube channel jacksfilms regularly uploads Your Grammar Sucks videos for its 1.3 million subscribers. Perhaps the premise – laughing at grammatical errors – is one we should be steering away from, but it puts grammar in the spotlight.
Another example is the small victory for the word "selfie", named Word of the Year last year by Oxford Dictionaries. A modern word that adds clarity in its own, self-obsessed way caught the attention of younger generations. If they can be excited about a word, grammar can't be far behind.
Not everyone thinks grammar is doomed. Bas Aarts, professor of English linguistics at University College London, believes we are experiencing a grammar renaissance.
"Things have changed in recent years. Grammar was perceived as boring, but it was taught prescriptively and put people off. Language develops the way it wants to develop, and no amount of prescriptiveness will help. A lot of people who are against splitting the infinitive can't even explain why."
Aarts says the enjoyment of grammar depends on how it is taught. "There is a renewed interest in grammar, partly because of improved teaching, partly due to some very successful books on language."
To test the grammar renaissance theory, I asked a class of primary school children to describe grammar in one word. Three said "interesting", three said "helpful" and one said "boring". I also asked a class of year 8 pupils: nine described it as "confusing", two said "good" and the rest ranged from "useless" to "brilliant". In another secondary school, the teacher said that, in his class, almost everyone said it was boring or dull, and a few said "pointless".
The way we view grammar is subjective, and, as it turns out, the way we view how everyone else views grammar is also subjective. Perhaps grammar-lovers are just too uncool to know what's cool.
But I do know anything trying to be cool is automatically uncool, and grammar shouldn't have to try.
Grammar Day 2014, presented by UCL and Oxford University in association with the British Library, will take place on Friday 4 July.

when was the last time you said how you felt about them?

You learn something every day if you pay attention. ~Ray LeBlond

The Ultimate Motivational Clip Rise & Shine!

viernes, 21 de marzo de 2014

United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Simplified Version)




United Nations
Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Simplified Version of the 30 Articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.



1. We Are All Born Free & Equal. We are all born free. We all have our own thoughts and ideas. We should all be treated in the same way.

2. Don’t Discriminate. These rights belong to everybody, whatever our differences.

3. The Right to Life. We all have the right to life, and to live in freedom and safety.

4. No Slavery. Nobody has any right to make us a slave. We cannot make anyone our slave.

5. No Torture. Nobody has any right to hurt us or to torture us.

6. You Have Rights No Matter Where You Go. I am a person just like you!

7. We’re All Equal Before the Law. The law is the same for everyone. It must treat us all fairly.

8. Your Human Rights Are Protected by Law. We can all ask for the law to help us when we are not treated fairly.

9. No Unfair Detainment. Nobody has the right to put us in prison without good reason and keep us there, or to send us away from our country.

10. The Right to Trial. If we are put on trial this should be in public. The people who try us should not let anyone tell them what to do.

11. We’re Always Innocent Till Proven Guilty. Nobody should be blamed for doing something until it is proven. When people say we did a bad thing we have the right to show it is not true.

12. The Right to Privacy. Nobody should try to harm our good name. Nobody has the right to come into our home, open our letters, or bother us or our family without a good reason.

13. Freedom to Move. We all have the right to go where we want in our own country and to travel as we wish.

14. The Right to Seek a Safe Place to Live. If we are frightened of being badly treated in our own country, we all have the right to run away to another country to be safe.

15. Right to a Nationality. We all have the right to belong to a country.
16. Marriage and Family. Every grown-up has the right to marry and have a family if they want to. Men and women have the same rights when they are married, and when they are separated.
17. The Right to Your Own Things. Everyone has the right to own things or share them. Nobody should take our things from us without a good reason.

18. Freedom of Thought. We all have the right to believe in what we want to believe, to have a religion, or to change it if we want.

19. Freedom of Expression. We all have the right to make up our own minds, to think what we like, to say what we think, and to share our ideas with other people.

20. The Right to Public Assembly. We all have the right to meet our friends and to work together in peace to defend our rights. Nobody can make us join a group if we don’t want to.
21. The Right to Democracy. We all have the right to take part in the government of our country. Every grown-up should be allowed to choose their own leaders.

22. Social Security. We all have the right to affordable housing, medicine, education, and childcare, enough money to live on and medical help if we are ill or old.

23. Workers’ Rights. Every grown-up has the right to do a job, to a fair wage for their work, and to join a trade union.

24. The Right to Play. We all have the right to rest from work and to relax.

25. Food and Shelter for All. We all have the right to a good life. Mothers and children, people who are old, unemployed or disabled, and all people have the right to be cared for.

26. The Right to Education. Education is a right. Primary school should be free. We should learn about the United Nations and how to get on with others. Our parents can choose what we learn.

27. Copyright. Copyright is a special law that protects one’s own artistic creations and writings; others cannot make copies without permission. We all have the right to our own way of life and to enjoy the good things that art, science and learning bring.

28. A Fair and Free World. There must be proper order so we can all enjoy rights and freedoms in our own country and all over the world.

29. Responsibility. We have a duty to other people, and we should protect their rights and freedoms.

30. No One Can Take Away Your Human Rights.

Milow - Ayo Technology (Official Music Video)







MILLOW, Aye Technology

technology - tired - phase - Age - Crazy – Work – new – money – touch – using


She ____________________ it girl, she _________________ the pole 
She break it down, she take it low 
She's fine as hell, she's about the dough 
Doin' her thing right on the floor 

And ________________________  _____________________ she's makin' 
Look at the way she's shakin' 
Make you wanna _____________________ her, wanna taste her 
Have you lustin' for her 
Goin' _________________________________, face it 

She's so much more than you're used to 
Knows just how to move, seduce you 
She gon' do the right thing, touch the right spot 
Dance in your lap 'til you're ready to pop 

She always ready 
When you want it she want it 
Like a nymph*, the info 
Show you where to meet her 

On the late night 'til daylight 
The club jumpin' if you want a good time 
She gon' give you what you want 

Baby, it's a ____________________ ________________________ 
You're like my new craze 

Let's get together 
Maybe we can start a new _________________ 
This smoke's got the club all hazy 
Spotlights don't do you justice, baby 
Why don't you come over here? 
You got me sayin' 

Ayo, I'm _________________________ of __________________ 
_______________________ 
Why don't you sit down on top of me? 
Ayo, I'm _________________________ of __________________ 
_______________________ 
I need you right in front of me 















 You learn something every day if you pay attention. ~Ray LeBlond

With
 or
 Without 
You, 

by 
U2




With
 or
 Without 
You, 

by 
U2




1.
Eyes


For


Side


Stone


Thorn


Wait





2.
Bed


fate


hand


Makes


Nails


Sleigh


twist


Without


You





3.
With


Without





4.
All


I


More


Shore


Storm


Through


Wait





5.



Can't


Live


Without



6.
Away


Away


Give


Give


Yourself


Yourself




7.
Body


Got


Hands


Left


Lose


Me


Tied


Win




8.
Away


Away


Give


Give


Yourself


Yourself




9.
Can't


Live


With


With


Without


without








See
 the
____________
set 
in 
your
_____________

See 
the
_____________
twist
 in 
your
___________

I
______________    ______
 you


______________
of
____________
and

______________
of
____________

On 
a
___________
of
_______________
she

_____________
me
 wait

And
 I 
wait
__________________    ____________


With
 or
______________________
you

______________
or 
without 
you


_____________________
 the 

_________________
we
re ach 
the
________________

You 
give 
it
___________
but
 I
 want
_________________

And
_____________________________
...
for
 you


With 
or
_______________________
you

With
 or 
without 
you

I
________________________________________

With 
or 
without
 you


And
 you 
give 
yourself
_________________________

And
 you
 give
___________________________
away

And
 you
____________________

And
 you 
give

And
 you
_________________________________________________

                                                           


My
_______________
are
______________

My
_____________
bruised,

She's
_________________________
with

Nothing 
to
_________________
and

Nothing
______________
to
_________________


And
 you
 give 
yourself
_________________________

And
 you 
give
___________________________
away

And
 you
____________________

And
 you 
give

And
 you
_________________________________________________


With 
or
_______________________
you

With
 or 
without 
you

I
________________________________________

_________________________________________________
you