viernes, 21 de noviembre de 2014

University Entrance Examination. IMMIGRATION AND EMIGRATION IN SPAIN.


2nd year of Bachillerato
(Selectividad) University Entrance Examination. Text 3. IMMIGRATION AND EMIGRATION IN SPAIN.

Most Common mistakes found
(How could we learn a better way of doing things, if we never make mistakes?)



MISTAKE
TYPE
CORRECTION
*The immigration is...
(GR.)
Immigration is...
*all persons
GR. / VOC.
Everybody / everyone
*all things
GR. /VOC.
Everything
*All the world
GR. / Vocabulary / expression
Everybody /
everyone
*The writer think
GR.
The writer thinks
Right” is not the same as “duty”.
VOC.
Do not confuse “right” and “duty”.
Idiom” (false friend) is not the same as “language”
VOC.
Language in Spanish is “idioma”, among other meanings.
Does the writer say?
Text
First, you should reply with a yes-no short answer, and then you have to justify your answer with quotations from the text using either a direct or an indirect style.
Example: Yes, he does. The writer seems to admit in paragraph 2 that...
Incorrect sentence structure
(missing subject)

*Is important to say...
Sentence structure / GRAMMAR
Correct affirmative sentence structure in English:

S + V + O

It is important to say...
CONTRACTION - SHORT FORMS

In written English, you should avoid using short forms. Use long instead.
Example:
* I've been
I have been
Exercise 2.
most of you just copy the words from the text literally.

So as to justify your answer you should use your own words and explanation besides some literal quotes using:
The text says...
the text states...
the text recognises...
According to the text, ...
If you look close at paragraph two, the text clearly establishes...
Some of your texts, do not follow an organised pattern.

Remember to follow this pattern:
1. introduction
2. body
3. conclusion (do not add extra information in the conclusion)

Come on! Cheer up! This was only your third Selectividad exam! You will make it better soon! It is all about practice; the more you practice, the better: better results, and it will tire you less and less. I believe that we learn by practice and remember: Tomorrow's battle is won during today's practice.

Let's get to work!

miércoles, 19 de noviembre de 2014

ORAL EXAM: Greetings.

OPITION 1. DIALOGUE: Ask your partner questions to complete the form below.
Student Form
Name:
Address:
Telephone:
Birthday:
Favourite hobby / sport:

  • What’s your name?
  • What is your address?
  • What is your telephone number?
  • When is your birthday?
  • What is your favourite hobby or sport?


OPTION 2. Introduce yourself to Natalié, INCLUDE personal information like: Name and surnames, age, etc.
Example:
HELLO, NATALIE, my name is _____________________. My surnames are __________________________. I'm __________________ years old. I study the third year of ESO. I have _______ brothers and _________ sisters. My brother's name is _______________. My siter's name is ____________. I get on well with them. In my free time I like ___________________ / my hobbies are _________________________.
My favourite colour is ________________________________. My favourite food is __________________ my favourite subject at school is ______________________. I have ______ friends at school. Their names are ____________________. 
in the future I want to be a  ________________________. NICE TO MEET YOU AND WELCOME TO SPAIN. 








You learn something every day if you pay attention. ~Ray LeBlond

martes, 18 de noviembre de 2014

Speaking about MONEY

MONEY




Think about the importance of money in your life. 

What does it allow you to do?

What problems can you encounter because of money?

Would you be happier if you had more money? Why/why not?


Some say "Time is gold" but... 

What do you think of the following quotation by José Luis Sampedro "time is not gold. Gold is worthless. Time is life"?



What do these quotations mean? Explain them:
1. “Time is money”.
2. “A penny saved is a penny earned”.
3. “Remember that credit is money”.
(Benjamin Franklin)
4. “Don’t ask how much - it’s a penny”.
(Michael Marks)
5. “Never spend your money before you have it”.
(Thomas Jefferson)
6. “Money can’t buy me love”.
(Paul McCartney)
7. “Money can’t buy friends. But you can afford a better class of enemy”.
(Lord Mancraft)
8. “Friendship is like money, easier made than kept”. (Samuel Butler)



lunes, 17 de noviembre de 2014

CAUSATIVE HAVE/GET: Money, money, money!


Money, money, money!

Exercise 1 - have something done

Complete the sentences using the correct form of have something donE and the words in brackets. Use contractions where possible.

We usually  (the bedrooms / redecorate) every two years.

Sarah isn't making her own wedding dress, she  (it / make) by a designer in Italy.score

 (you / ever/ anything / steal) from your house?score

He didn't fix his car himself, he (it / fix) at the garage.score

Your hair is too long. You need  (it / cut).score

I'm going to do my food shopping online and I (the food / deliver) to my house.score

If you can't see properly, you should  (your eyes / test).

Are they going to paint the kitchen themselves, or  (it / paint)?score


Have something done and Get something done

CAUSATIVE HAVE/GET

Have something done and Get something done are both used to refer to actions which are done for
the subject rather than by the subject. Causative verbs are used instead of passive verbs to show that
the subject causes the action to be done.

1. Have something done
 I don´t know how to repair cars, so I´m having mine repaired at the garage round the corner.

2. Get something done
 I really must get my eyes tested. I´m sure I need glasses.
Get your hair cut!

NOTE: The differences between have and get something done are that have is slightly more
formal than get, and that get is more frequent than have in the imperative form.

NON-CAUSATIVE USES OF HAVE AND GET
Have and get are also used to refer to events which happened to someone, but were outside their
control.

 After being late for work every day for two weeks, Billy had his pay reduced. 
 I stood so close to the fire that I got my legs burnt.



VERBAL TENSES. Changes.


TENSE
HAVE/GET SOMETHING DONE
Present Simple
I have/get my hair cut.
Past Simple
I had/got my hair cut.
Present Continuous
I'm having/getting my hair cut.
Past Continuous
I was having/getting my hair cut.
Present Perfect
I have had my hair cut.
Past Perfect
I had had my hair cut.
will
I will have my hair cut.
must
I must have my hair cut.
be going to
I'm going to have my hair cut.


PRACTICE. Rewrite these sentences using have or get. 

1. The mechanic changed the oil in my car.
_______________________________________________________________________
2. The hairdresser cut my hair in a completely different style.
_______________________________________________________________________
3. A decorator has repainted our house.
_______________________________________________________________________
4. A friend of mine, who´s an electrician, is going to repair my DVD player next week.
_______________________________________________________________________
5. My jacket is being cleaned at a specialist cleaner´s.
_______________________________________________________________________
6. The town hall has just been rebuilt for the council.
____________________________________________



Use the causative in the correct tenses in the following sentences:

1. The car has been working a lot better since I …………… (service).
2. Your hair looks different. ……………….. (you/cut)?
3. Your coat's dirty. Why don't you …………………… (clean)?
4. My walls are really black so I ……………………. (repaint) soon.
5. I can't type the letter for you: I ………………. (my computer/repair) at the moment.


Transform these sentences using the causative:
1. A girl manicures my boss's nails twice a week.
My...
2. Picasso painted my mother's portrait.
My...
3. The dentist is going to fill my tooth next Monday.
I...
4. Has anybody ever read your palm?
Have...
5. I’m going to pay someone to cut my grass.
I’m going to...




Grammar: causative have. Rewrite these sentences using to have something done.

Top of Form
Eg: The hairdresser cut his hair last week.
He had his hair cut last week.

1: Some builders are repairing the roof of our house.
We the roof of our house .

2: The dressmaker has shortened these trousers for me.
I these trousers .

3: Someone stole all my friend's money while she was on the beach.
My friend her money while she was on the beach.

4: A photographer took photos of the bridal couple.
The bridal couple .
5: A famous artist is going to paint her portrait.
She .






Taken from: http://www.englishpage.com/minitutorials/let.html

http://www.eslbase.com/grammar/causative

http://www.ih.hu/exercises/advanced/g5.htm



You learn something every day if you pay attention. ~Ray LeBlond

jueves, 13 de noviembre de 2014

Making suggestions

We make suggestions when deciding what to do with our friends, or giving them advice on what they might do in a certain situation. Imagine that you would like to go out for an evening with some friends. Which suggestions would you make?
There are a number of formulas used when making suggestions in English. 
We often suggest ideas or things to do. Here are some common examples with seeing a film. You can use the structures to talk about other things, of course.


Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing

  1. Why don't we go to the cinema?
  2. Let's go to the cinema. What do you think?
  3. How about going to the cinema?
  4. How do you feel about seeing a film?
  5. Fancy seeing a film?
  6. I'd like to see a film. How about you?
  7. We could always see a film.
  8. Why not go and see a film?
  9. Seeing a film's one idea.
  10. It would be nice to see a film.

EXAMPLES:

  • Why don't you / we go to the movies tonight?
  • You / we could visit New York while you're / we're there.
  • Let's go to the travel agent's this afternoon to book our ticket.
  • What about asking your brother for help?
  • How about going to Hawaii for your vacation?
  • I suggest you / we take all the factors into consideration before we decide.

You learn something every day if you pay attention. ~Ray LeBlond

miércoles, 12 de noviembre de 2014

Irregular verbs – worksheets, CROSSWORDS, video

First, watch the video and repeat the words. At the end you can stop the video or play the game and guess the verb the man is drawing. If you guess the verb you have to supply the past tense and the past participle of the verb.

1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cg0HNLzxljQ
2) The second half of the verbs is presented in the following video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LdrvTuy98WE

Irregular verbs – worksheets

The first worksheet contains all the verbs in a table.
Then there are two worksheets containing activities to practice the irregular verbs from the two videos. The activities for the first video are here:
The activities for the second video are over here:
Irregular verbs 2 _worksheet
Irregular verbs 2_worksheet_key

Irregular verbs – quizzes

The first two quizzes test the knowledge of the first thirteen verbs presented in the first video. The first test is in HTML5 so you can play it on your mobile device. If you pass the quiz you can play a game at the end.
Irregular verbs – simple quiz
Then you can try the following crossword and wordsearch. Once again both of them are in HTML 5 so they will play anywhere. Again write both the past tense and past participle:
Irregular verbs – crossword Irregular verbs – Wordsearch
The last game is in Flash and it will play just on your desktop. It is called On Target and you have to shoot all the bad ducks. If you want to you can shoot a bottle on the side and get a bonus.
Irregular verbs – On Target
The next games concentrate on the irregular verbs presented in the second video. Once again there are four different activities to help you remember all the irregular verbs. The first one is a simple HTML5 quiz:
Irregular verbs – Quiz no. 2
Then there are a crossword and a wordsearch. Remember to write both the past tense and the past participle.





SOURCE: http://www.engames.eu/irregular-verbs-straightforward/

Other ways to say. ..

lunes, 10 de noviembre de 2014

How to use expressions introducing quotations


To avoid monotony, you should vary the signal phrases you use to integrate quotations from Selectividad texts, as in these examples:
In the words of the author: “The true measure of a man is how he treats someone who can do him absolutely no good."
As the author has noted, “Looking down from the heights of Maslow's pyramid, it seems inconceivable to us that someone could actually prefer bread to freedom.”
As the text points out: “Mardi Gras came to North America from Paris, where it had been celebrated since the Middle Ages.”
The text points out that Mardi Gras came to North America from Paris.
The author claims that columnist Colbert I. King.
The text says...
The text states...
The text recognises...
According to the text, ...
If you look close at paragraph two, the text clearly establishes...
Choose the verb that makes the author’s stance clear. There are many available to use, including these:
acknowledgescommentsdescribesmaintainsreports
addscomparesdisputesnotesresponds
admitsconcedesemphasizesobservesshows
agreesconfirmsendorsespoints outstates
arguescontendsillustratesreasonssuggests
assertsdeclaresimpliesrefutessummarizes
claimsdeniesinsistsrejectswrites