viernes, 30 de enero de 2015

THE HOUSEKEEPING ROTA. Listening.

The Theory of Everything (Official Trailer) - HAPPINESS

You
 learn something every day if you pay attention. ~Ray LeBlond



what makes Hawking himself so remarkable? Yes, it's that he's brilliant. Yes, it's that he's exceeded the wildest expectations about his motor neuron disease and quality of life. But, it's also because of the attitude towards life he maintains and perspective he provides.













miércoles, 28 de enero de 2015

The UK

UK



WHAT IS HAPPINESS?

WHAT IS HAPPINESS TO YOU?

Happiness is...

wɒt  i:z  ˈhæpɪnəs?  its  ə  ˈkwesʧən  wi  ˈɒfn  ɑːsk,  bət  kən  ˈreəli ˈɑːnsə.  wi  ˈjuːʒəli  θɪŋk  ˈmʌni  meɪks  əz  ˈhæpi.  wi  ˈjuːʒəli  θɪŋk əˈbaʊt  frendz  ənd  ˈfæməli  tuː.  wi  ˈsʌmtaɪmz  kənˈsɪdə  ðə  weɪ  wi spend  ˈaʊə  friː  taɪm.  bət  wɒt  əˈbaʊt  ˌnæʃəˈnælɪti?  ə  ˈbrɪtɪʃ  ˈekspɜːt həz  ˈriːsntli  prəˈdjuːst  ə  mæp  əv  ðə  wɜːld  ˈʃəʊɪŋ  wɪʧ  ˈkʌntrɪz  nəʊ haʊ  tu  həv  ə  ɡʊd  taim  ənd  wɪʧ  dəʊnt.
əˈkɔːdɪŋ  tu  ðɪs  wɜːld  mæp  əv  ˈhæpɪnəs,  ˈdenmɑːk  iz  ðə  ˈhæpɪɪst  pleɪs  ɒn  ðə  ˈplænɪt.  waɪl  ˈmeni  ˈɔːdɪnri deɪnz  wə  səˈpraɪzd  baɪ  ðɪs  njuːz,  ˈekspɜːts  ɪnˈkluːdɪŋ  ə  ɡruːp  kɔːld  ˈpɒzətɪv  saɪˈkɒləʤɪsts  weənt.  ðə  θɪŋz  ðət  meɪk  ˈdenmɑːk  ə  rɪˈlæksɪŋ  pleɪs  tu lɪv,  ðeɪ  seɪ,  ər  ə  ɡʊd  ˈbæləns  bɪˈtwiːn  wɜːk  ənd  friː  taɪm,  ˈreɡjʊlə  ˈsəʊʃl  ˈkɒntækt,  ˈkwɒlɪti  helθ  keə,  ənd  ˈɪntrəstɪŋ  θɪŋz  fə  ˈpiːpl  tə  du:  ɪn  ðeə  taɪm  ɒf.  nəʊ  wʌn  iz  səˈʤestɪŋ  ðət  wi  ɔːl  muːv  tu  ˈdenmɑːk,  bət  ˈpɒzətɪv  saɪˈkɒləʤɪsts  θɪŋk  wi  kən  lɜːn  ə  θɪŋ  ɔː  tuː  əˈbaʊt  haʊ  tu  həv  fʌn  frəm  ðə  ˈdeɪnɪʃ.
ðə  fɜːst  θɪŋ iz  ðæt,  ɔːlˈðəʊ  ðə  liːst  ˈhæpi  ˈkʌntrɪz  ɪn  ðə  wɜːld  tend  tu  bi  pʊə,  ˈmʌni  iznt  ˈevrɪθɪŋ.  ɪn  fækt, ʤəˈpæn,  wʌn  əv  ðə  wɜːldz  ˈrɪʧɪst  ˈkʌntrɪz,  ɪz  ˈnʌmbə  ˈnaɪnti  ɒn  ðə  lɪst!  ðɪs  ɪz  frʌˈstreɪtɪŋ  njuːz  fə ˈɡʌvənmənts  bɪˈkɒz  ˈɡetɪŋ  ˈrɪʧə  dʌznt  miːn  wi  fiːl  ˈhæpɪə.  ɪn  ˈbrɪtn,  fər  ɪgˈzɑːmpl,  ˈlevlz  əv  ˈhæpɪnəs  həv ˈfɔːlən  ˈəʊvə  ðə  lɑːst  ˈfɪfti  jɜːz  ˈiːvn  ðəʊ  ɪt s  θriː  taɪmz  ˈrɪʧə  naʊ  ðən  ɪn   ðə  ˈfɪftɪz.
ðə  ˈsekənd  θɪŋ  iz  ðət  wi  fiːl  ˈhæpɪə  wen wiv  ɡɒt  θɪŋz  tə  duː;  ðə  ˈdeɪnɪʃ  ˈɡʌvənmənt  ɡɪvz  ˈmʌni   tu  ɡruːps  əv  ˈsɪtɪzənz  tu  teɪk  pɑːt  ɪn  ˈhɒbɪz.  haʊˈevə,  ˈbiːɪŋ  ˈbɪzi  iz  laɪk  ˈspendɪŋ  ˈmʌni,  ɪt  dʌznt  æd  ʌp  tu  ˈhæpɪnəs  ɒn  ɪts  əʊn.  ðɪs  ɪz  bɪˈkɒz  rɪəl  ˈhæpɪnəs  dəz  nɒt  kʌm  frəm  ˈməʊmənts  əv  ɪnˈʤoɪmənt,  bət  frəm  ˈʤenrəli  ˈfiːlɪŋ  ɡʊd  wɪð  ði  ˈʌðə  ˈpiːpl  ɪn  ˈaʊə  laɪvz.  ˈpɒzətɪv  saɪˈkɒləʤɪsts  θɪŋk  ðɪs  ɪkˈspleɪnz  səm  əv  ðə  səˈpraɪzɪŋ  rɪˈzʌlts  frəm  ðə  ˈriːsnt  rɪˈsɜːʧ.  fər  ɪgˈzɑːmpl,  ˈtiːneɪʤəz  ɪn  ðə  ˌju:ˌ es ˈeɪ  prɪˈfɜː  ɡʊd  rɪˈleɪʃnʃɪp  wɪð  ðeə  frendz  ənd  ˈpeərənts  tu  ðə  bʌz  əv  leɪt  naɪt  ˈpɑːtɪz.
səʊ,  wɒt  dəz  ɔːl  ðɪs  miːn  fə  ðə  rest  əv  əz?  haʊ  ˈhæpi  ə  ˈpleɪsɪz  laɪk  ˈbrɪtn  ɔː  speɪn?  ˈpɒzətɪv  saɪˈkɒləʤi  rɪˈmaɪndz  əz  ðət  ɪnˈʤoɪɪŋ  ðə  ˈməʊmənt  iz  nɒt  əz  ɪmˈpɔːtnt  əz  ˈbiːɪŋ  ˈhæpi’.  səʊ,  ɡəʊ  ɒn,  həv  ə  ɡes:  huː  də  ju  θɪŋk  ə  ˈʤenrəli  ˈhæpɪə,  ðə  ˈbrɪtɪʃ  ɔː  ðə  ˈspænɪʃ?



WHAT IS HAPPINESS?
Opinions

  1. “To be happy, we must not be too concerned with others.”
    Albert Camus
  2. “The moments of happiness we enjoy take us by surprise. It is not that we seize them, but that they seize us.”
    Ashley Montagu
  3. “Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony.”
    Mahatma Gandhi
  4. “Success is not the key to happiness. Happiness is the key to success. If you love what you are doing, you will be successful.”
    Herman Cain
  5. “Happiness depends upon ourselves.”
    Aristotle
  6. “Happiness is acceptance.”
    Unknown






miércoles, 21 de enero de 2015

TELEVISION - VOCABULARY

TELEVISION - VOCABULARY

1. Match the words with the pictures :

(You can click on most pictures.)
anchorman - cartoon - channel - commercial - couch potato - game show - guest - host - reality show -
remote control - serial - sitcom - soap opera - talk show - thriller - TV News - TV viewers

   
  
 
 
   
   
The .............................. is on the left and the .............................. is on the right.

Entertainment. The Media. Vocabulary List and USEFUL EXPRESSIONS

mediamedios de comunicación
mass mediamedios de comunicación masivos
televisiontelevisión
program (US)programa
programme (GB)programa
broadcastingtransmisión
soap operatelenovela
sitcomcomedia
dramadrama, obra de teatro
seriesserie
serialminiserie
film (GB)película
movie (US)película
documentarydocumental
news broadcastnoticiero, noticioso
current affairs programmeprograma de temas actuales
music programmeprograma musical
sports programmeprograma de deportes
weather forecastpronóstico del tiempo
variety showprograma de variedades
talk showprograma de entrevistas
game show, quiz showprograma de entretenimientos
reality showprograma reality
commercialcomercial, publicidad
episodeepisodio, capítulo
characterpersonaje
newsreaderpresentador de las noticias
hostpresentador
hostesspresentadora
actoractor
actressactriz
aerialantena
satellitesatélite
satellite dishantena satelital
radioradio
radio antennaantena de radio
TV settelevisor
cable boxconversor de cable
headsetauriculares
headphonesauriculares
VCRvideograbadora
DVDreproductor de DVD
home theatrehome theatre
speakersparlantes, altavoces
remote controlcontrol remoto
newspaper, paperperiódico
daily newspaperdiario
weekly newspapersemanario
pressprensa
headlinestitulares
editorialeditorial
articleartículo
business newsnoticias de economía, finanzas
sports reportsnoticias de deportes
cinema reviewcríticas de cine
book reviewcríticas de libros
the letters pagecorreo de lectores
cartoonschistes, viñetas
crosswordcrucigrama
ad, advertisementaviso, anuncio
classified adsavisos clasificados
tabloidtabloide, periódico de formato más pequeño
broadsheetperiódico de formato más grande
popular newspaperperiódico popular (de formato más pequeño)
quality newspaperperiódico de calidad (de formato más grande)
supplementsuplemento
journalperiódico
magazinerevista
comicrevista de historietas
US=American English GB=British English


USEFUL EXPRESSIONS



lunes, 19 de enero de 2015

TO THE RESCUE (LISTENING) + SPEAKING ACTIVITIES


TO THE RESCUE + SPEAKING ACTIVITIES


WORKSHEET

Practise makes perfect!
 
Click HERE  Listening exercises  
Choose A2 (Elementary),  B1 (Intermediate)  or B2 (Upper Intermediate) according to your level

domingo, 18 de enero de 2015

Selectividad Exam. English in the World Today (COMMON MISTAKES).

You learn something every day if you pay attention. ~Ray LeBlond


COMMON MISTAKES

EXAM

SELECTIVIDAD TEXT: ENGLISH IN THE WORLD TODAY (University of Extremadura, 09-10)

MISTAKE
TYPE
CORRECTION
*For communicate
*For find
Grammar.
For communicating
to communicate


for finding
to find.
*Speak English today is very...


*Speak English is good.
Grammar.
Speaking English today is very...


Speaking English is good.
*In every world
Vocabulary. Grammar.
Everywhere in the world.
*Most important language of the world
Grammar.
Most important language in the world.
*every people


*all people
Vocabulary. Grammar.
Everybody


everybody
*in very countries
*very persons
*very opportunities
GRAMMAR.
In MANY countries.
MANY PEOPLE.
MANY opportunities
*persons
grammar
people
*Know English is very important




*Learn a second language is very important.
Grammar.
To know English is very important.
OR
Knowing English is very …


Learning a second language is very....
OR
To learn a second language is very...
*English is a beautiful idiom
Vocabulary
English is a beautiful LANGUAGE.


The word IDIOM is a false friend.
*in all world
Grammar and vocabulary
Everywhere in the world.
*for all world.
Grammar and vocabulary
For everyone in the world.
*all persons
Grammar and vocabulary.
Everybody / everyone.
*for can work
Grammar
To be able to work
so that you can work
*The English


Grammar and vocabulary
“The English” → English people.


English → “The English Language”


miércoles, 14 de enero de 2015

RELATIVE CLAUSES





Relative clauses: defining and non-defining

from English Grammar Today

Defining relative clauses

We use defining relative clauses to give essential information about someone or something – information that we need in order to understand what or who is being referred to. A defining relative clause usually comes immediately after the noun it describes.
We usually use a relative pronoun (e.g. who, that, which, whose andwhom) to introduce a defining relative clause (In the examples, the relative clause is in bold, and the person or thing being referred to is underlined.):
They’re the people who want to buy our house.
Here are some cells which have been affected.
They should give the money to somebody who they think needs the treatment most.
[talking about an actress]
She’s now playing a woman whose son was killed in the First World War.
Spoken English:
In defining relative clauses we often use that instead of who, whom orwhich. This is very common in informal speaking:
They’re the people that want to buy our house.
Here are some cells that have been affected.

Subject or object

The relative pronoun can define the subject or the object of the verb:
They’re the people who/that bought our house. (The people bought our house. The people is the subject.)
They’re the people who/that she met at Jon’s party. (She met the people. The people is the object.)
Here are some cells which/that show abnormality. (Some cells show abnormality. Some cells is the subject.)
Here are some cells which/that the researcher has identified. (The researcher has identified some cells. Some cells is the object.)

No relative pronoun

We often leave out the relative pronoun when it is the object of the verb:
They’re the people she met at Jon’s party.
Here are some cells the researcher has identified.

Punctuation

Warning:
In writing, we don’t use commas in defining relative clauses:
This is a man who takes his responsibilities seriously.
Not: This is a man, who takes his responsibilities seriously.

Nouns and pronouns in relative clauses

When the relative pronoun is the subject of the relative clause, we don’t use another personal pronoun or noun in the relative clause because the subject (underlined) is the same:
She’s the lady who lent me her phone. (who is the subject of the relative clause, so we don’t need the personal pronoun she)
Not: She’s the lady who she lent me her phone.
There are now only two schools in the area that actually teach Latin. (thatis the subject of the relative clause, so we don’t need the personal pronoun they)
Not: There are now only two schools in the area that they actually teach Latin.
When the relative pronoun is the object of the relative clause, we don’t use another personal pronoun or noun in the relative clause because the object (underlined) is the same:
We had a lovely meal at the place which Phil recommended. (which is the object of the relative clause, so we don’t need the personal pronoun it)
Not: We had a lovely meal at the place which Phil recommended it.

Non-defining relative clauses

We use non-defining relative clauses to give extra information about the person or thing. It is not necessary information. We don’t need it to understand who or what is being referred to.
We always use a relative pronoun (who, which, whose or whom) to introduce a non-defining relative clause (In the examples, the relative clause is in bold, and the person or thing being referred to is underlined.)
Clarewho I work with, is doing the London marathon this year.
Not: Clare, I work with, is doing the London marathon this year.
Doctors use the testing kit for regular screening for lung and stomach cancerswhich account for 70% of cancers treated in the western world.
Alicewho has worked in Brussels and London ever since leaving Edinburgh, will be starting a teaching course in the autumn.
Warning:
We don’t use that to introduce a non-defining relative clause:
Allenwho scored three goals in the first game, was the only player to perform well.
Not: Allen, that scored three goals in the first game, was the only player to perform well.

Punctuation

In writing, we use commas around non-defining relative clauses:
Etheridge, who is English-born with Irish parents, replaces Neil Francis,whose injury forced him to withdraw last week.
Spoken English:
In speaking, we often pause at the beginning and end of the clause:
Unlike American firms – which typically supply all three big American car makers – Japanese ones traditionally work exclusively with one maker. (formal)
And this woman – who I’d never met before – came up and spoke to me. (informal)

Defining or non-defining relative clauses?

Sometimes defining and non-defining relative clauses can look very similar but have different meanings.
Compare
defining
non-defining
His brother, who works at the supermarket, is a friend of mine.
He has only one brother, and that brother works at the supermarket.
His brother who works at the supermarketis a friend of mine.
He has more than one brother. The one I’m talking about works at the supermarket.
It’s hoped that we will raise £10,000 for local charities,which help the homeless.
The money is intended for local charities. All these local charities help the homeless.
It’s hoped that we will raise £10,000 for local charities which help the homeless.
The money is intended for local charities. Some of these local charities help the homeless. There are other local charities as well as these.
Warning:
The information in a defining relative clause is essential, so we can’t leave out the relative clause. The information in a non-defining relative clause is extra information which isn’t essential, so we can leave out the relative clause.
Compare
The soldier who had gold stripes on his uniform seemed to be the most important one.
A defining relative clause which we can’t leave out; without this information we do not know which soldier the speaker is referring to.
The tour party was weakened whenGordon Hamiltonwho played in the World Cup team, withdrew yesterday because of a back injurywhich kept him out of the Five Nations Championship.
Non-defining relative clauses which we can leave out:
The tour party was weakened when Gordon Hamilton withdrew yesterday because of a back injury.
Warning:
We can use that instead of who, whom or which in defining relative clauses, but not in non-defining relative clauses:
I think anyone who speaks in public is nervous beforehand.
I think anyone that speaks in public is nervous beforehand.
Her car, which was very old, broke down after just five miles.
Not: Her car, that was very old, broke down after just five miles.
(“Relative clauses: defining and non-defining” from English Grammar Today © Cambridge University Press.)


PRACTICE

A good job. Exercise - Non-defining relative clauses

Complete the sentences with whose, who, which, or where.
  1. Dublin,  is the capital of Ireland, is my favourite city.score
  2. Amelia,  mother is from Shanghai, speaks English and Chinese fluently.score
  3. This smartphone,  I bought last week, takes great photos.score
  4. Buckingham Palace,  the Queen of England lives, is in the centre of London.score
  5. Ferraris,  are made in Italy, are very expensive.score
  6. Russell Crowe, starred in Gladiator, was born in New Zealand.score
  7. Emily,  brother is a singer, is in my English class.score
  8. Mr Kemp,  teaches physics, is going to retire next year.score