miércoles, 27 de enero de 2016

"Hey Sarah" - Be Careful What You Put On The Internet

You learn something every day if you pay attention. ~Ray LeBlond

PRONOUNS

PRONOUNS



Pronouns replace nouns. A different pronoun is required depending on two elements: the noun being replaced and the function that noun has in the sentence. In English, pronouns only take the gender of the noun they replace in the 3rd person singular form. The 2nd person plural pronouns are identical to the 2nd person singular pronouns except for the reflexive pronoun.
Subject PronounObject PronounPossessive Adjective (Determiner)Possessive PronounReflexive or Intensive Pronoun
1st person singularImemyminemyself
2nd person singularyouyouyouryoursyourself
3rd person singular, malehehimhishishimself
3rd person singular, femalesheherherhersherself
3rd person singular, neutralitititsitself
1st person pluralweusouroursourselves
2nd person pluralyouyouyouryoursyourselves
3rd person pluraltheythemtheirtheirsthemselves

SUBJECT PRONOUNS

Subject pronouns replace nouns that are the subject of their clause. In the 3rd person, subject pronouns are often used to avoid repetition of the subject's name.
EXAMPLES
  • I am 16.
  • You seem lost.
  • Jim is angry, and he wants Sally to apologize.
  • This table is old. It needs to be repainted.
  • We aren't coming.
  • They don't like pancakes.

OBJECT PRONOUNS

Object pronouns are used to replace nouns that are the direct or indirect object of a clause.
EXAMPLES
  • Give the book to me.
  • The teacher wants to talk to you.
  • Jake is hurt because Bill hit him.
  • Rachid recieved a letter from her last week.
  • Mark can't find it.
  • Don't be angry with us.
  • Tell them to hurry up!

POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES (DETERMINERS)

Possessive adjectives are not pronouns, but rather determiners. It is useful to learn them at the same time as pronouns, however, because they are similar in form to the possessive pronouns. Possessive adjectives function as adjectives, so they appear before the noun they modify. They do not replace a noun as pronouns do.
EXAMPLES
  • Did mother find my shoes?
  • Mrs. Baker wants to see your homework.
  • Can Jake bring over his baseball cards?
  • Samantha will fix her bike tomorrow.
  • The cat broke its leg.
  • This is our house.
  • Where is their school?

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

Possessive pronouns replace possessive nouns as either the subject or the object of a clause. Because the noun being replaced doesn't appear in the sentence, it must be clear from the context.
EXAMPLES
  • This bag is mine.
  • Yours is not blue.
  • That bag looks like his.
  • These shoes are not hers.
  • That car is ours.
  • Theirs is parked in the garage.

REFLEXIVE & INTENSIVE PRONOUNS

Reflexive and intensive pronouns are the same set of words but they have different functions in a sentence.
Reflexive pronouns refer back to the subject of the clause because the subject of the action is also the direct or indirect object. Only certain types of verbs can be reflexive. You cannot remove a reflexive pronoun from a sentence because the remaining sentence would be grammatically incorrect.
EXAMPLES
  • I told myself to calm down.
  • You cut yourself on this nail?
  • He hurt himself on the stairs.
  • She found herself in a dangerous part of town.
  • The cat threw itself under my car!
  • We blame ourselves for the fire.
  • The children can take care of themselves.
Intensive pronouns emphasize the subject of a clause. They are not the object of the action. The intensive pronoun can always be removed from a sentence without changing the meaning significantly, although the emphasis on the subject will be removed. Intensive pronouns can be placed immediately after the subject of the clause, or at the end of the clause.
EXAMPLES
  • I made these cookies myself.
  • You yourself asked Jake to come.
  • The Pope himself pardoned Mr. Brown.
  • My teacher didn't know the answer herself.
  • The test itself wasn't scary, but my teacher certainly is.
  • We would like to finish the renovation before Christmas ourselves.
  • They themselves told me the lost shoe wasn't a problem.


domingo, 24 de enero de 2016

other ways to say NICE and GOOD


DO and MAKE




The English verbs do and make are frequently confused. Some guidelines do exist to help you determine which word to use when, but in general you will not have time to think through the rules before choosing a word. The best approach is to practise, and then practise some more! 

lunes, 18 de enero de 2016

THE IMITATION GAME: ALAN TURING, CREATOR OF MODERN COMPUTING

THE IMITATION GAME: ALAN TURING, CREATOR OF MODERN COMPUTING



"Sometimes it's the very people who no one imagines anything of 
who do the things no one can imagine"


Alan Turing was a prodigy endowed with incredible stubborness and will power. He succeeded in an apparently impossible enterprise saving thousands of lives during WWII: he invented a machine to decrytp  Enigma, the Germans' secret code, thus boycotting many of their deadly attacks on Britain. He saved all those lives  thanks to his ingenious intuition, algorithms and computing being almost a game to him . He contributed to change the outcomes of a horrifying war,  designing his machine which could compute thousands of figures at a speed a human mind could have never achieved, neither the most brilliant. He is now considered one of the fathers of computer science and a war hero. 


More than the mathematician  and the war hero, The Imitation Game, conveys the portrayal of  the man, who actually is  a tragic unconventional hero, worth being the protagonist of a great tale. The movie, starring Benedict Cumberbatch as Turing -  with  Keira Knightley, Mark Strong, Matthew Goode and Allen Leech also in the cast .  is a touching cinematic biopic.  The lonely, complicated soul Alan Turing was, with all his flaws,  his obstinacy, inflexibility,  egocentricity   and matter-of-factness are convincingly captured and brought  to life in a blessed performance by Benedict Cumberbatch, who succeeds in rendering both the man's awkwardness and his ingenuity.

The film is based on Andrew Hodges’ book, Alan Turing: The Enigma and the narration interwines three different time threads.  The main one is the 40s, when Turing worked on decrypting the German code and  became a  national hero (Winston Churchill recognized Turing’s was the single biggest contribution to their victory against the Nazis), and became friends with his team members, which was something apparently almost as impossible as their team's mission. In those years he built his friendship with Joan Clarke (Keira Knightley), who complemented his mind and also permitted him to obtain social acceptance.
The earlier timeline depicts Turing’s first love in 1930 — Christopher, a classmate who accepted his eccentricities, introduced him to cryptography and helped him  face the brutality of life: “Do you know why people like violence?  It is because it feels good.  Humans find violence deeply satisfying.  But remove the satisfaction and the act becomes hollow.”
The third section is set instead in the 50s and portrays the investigation into Turing’s personal life that would lead to his prosecution for homosexuality and to his tragic final decision to kill himself as a consequence.
I don't know if it can be solace at all what we usually sadly say in these cases: they destroyed the man,  not his legacy. Sad indeed. 





via LEARNONLINE

PHRASAL VERBS: 4 Helpful Hints & 10 Useful Phrasal Verbs

Blue Monday: How to beat it!

Blue Monday: Tomorrow may be the most depressing day of the year



Sorry to tell you this, but the so-called ‘most miserable day of the year’ is upon us.

Today we celebrate BLUE MONDAY, when everything is supposedly at its most depressing.


 But, what is it exactly? Let's check it out in a wiki entry.



Blue Monday (date)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Blue Monday is a name given to a day in January (typically the third Monday of the month) reported to be the most depressing day of the year. The concept was first publicised as part of a 2005 press release from holiday company Sky Travel which claimed to have calculated the date using an equation.
The idea is considered pseudoscience, with its formula derided by scientists as nonsensical.



How was Blue Monday worked out?


Psychologist Dr Cliff Arnall first worked out that Blue Monday was the result of putting together this formula:


Formula

Where

W is weather, D is debt, 

d is monthly salary, 

T is the time passed since Christmas, 

Q is the time since the failure of an attempt to give something up, 

M is low motivational level

Na is the need to take action.



But… Is this science?

giphy (5)

Here is an interesting article, if you fancy reading about this topic:  How to beat Blue Monday.


Anyway, I really hope you have a nice day! 


Music always cheers spirits up...







viernes, 15 de enero de 2016

SELECTIVIDAD: Freddie Mercury


SELECTIVIDAD: Freddie Mercury



4. GRAMMATICAL TRANSFORMATION.

A. Rewrite the following sentence in the passive voice. Do not omit any part of it (maximum one point.)

HE APLIED THIS KIND OF CREATIVE SCULPTING TO ALL ASPECTS OF HIS LIFE.

GRAMMAR EXPLANATION: Form of Passive
Subject +  to be + Past Participle (Either -ed, for Regular verbs OR 3rd column of irregular verbs)

THIS KIND OF CREATIVE SCULPTING was applied by him TO ALL ASPECTS OF HIS LIFE 

b. Rewrite the following sentence in the past perfect tense (maximum 1 point)

Queen constantly drove the crowd of 72000 people into an unforgetable frenzy.

GRAMMAR EXPLANATION: Form of Past Perfect
HAD + Past participle of the verb (Either -ed, for Regular verbs OR 3rd column of irregular verbs)


Queen HAD constantly DRIVEN the crowd of 72000 people into an unforgetable frenzy.


GRAMMAR EXPLANATION: Form of Passive

Saint Valentines

Valentine's Day is celebrated on February 14. Traditionally, it is a day to tell friends, family, boyfriends/girfriends that you wish them a nice day and that you like/love them or that you are just thinking of them. People in the UK and US very often send each other cards on Valentine's Day, sometimes anonymously, sometimes with a signature. 



Here you will find some inspirational crafts
 






Rules for Using the Irregular Verbs Lay and Lie

  Resultado de imagen de lay and lie difference

 Understand the problem.

Choosing the correct forms of lay and lie is a big challenge. Without a doubt, they are the two most difficult irregular verbs. The problem is that when we speak, we frequently misuse them. As a result, our ears are used to hearing incorrect forms. So when we spot a wrong form while we are proofreading, it sounds right.

Know the solution.

How do you use lay and lie correctly? First, you must know the definition of each verb.


Definition of Lay

Lay means to put something [or someone] down. Because lay is a transitive verb, a direct objectwill come after it. A direct object receives the action of the verb. Read this example:
Before returning to the Godzillamarathon on late night TV, Quentinlaid his sleeping son Jeremy on the bed and covered him with a quilt.
Quentin laid whom on the bed? Jeremy.

Definition of Lie

Lie, on the other hand, means to rest or recline. Lieis an intransitive verb, so no direct object will follow.
The center of Diane's bed always smells like dog because Reliable, her beagle, lies there every chance he gets.
What is Reliable doing in the middle of the bed?Resting.

Choosing the Correct Form

Once you know which meaning you need, you must then choose the correct verb form. Look at the table below:
InfinitiveDefinitionSimple PresentSimple PastPast ParticiplePresent Participle
to layto put something downlay(s)laidlaidlaying
to lieto rest or reclinelie(s)laylainlying
Important note: The simple present form of layis the same word as the simple past form of lie. This shared form accounts for much of the confusion with these two verbs.
To choose the correct form, you must understand the uses of the simple present, simple past, and past participle forms.
Use the simple present forms when you mean action which happens consistently or action which is happening right now.
Jack always lays the cordless telephone where no one can find it; only the rings of an incoming call will betray its presence.
This action happens consistently.
Although the crowd shouts for him to rise, Charles lies in the middle of the boxing ring, felled by a powerful uppercut delivered by Antonio, his opponent.
This action is happening right now.
Use the simple past forms when you mean action completed in the past.
Rachel laid her month-late essay in Dr. Cohen's mailbox, hoping that he would still accept the work.
Laid = simple past tense of lay, to put something down.
Gently rocked by ocean waves, Robbie lay on the raft, unconcerned about the distance to shore or fish nibbling the fingers he dangled in the water.
Lay = simple past tense of lie, to rest or recline.
Use the past participle forms whenever you have one or more auxiliary verbs forming the tense.
Rinalda had just laid the last piece of chicken on the grill when a bolt of lightning and clap of thunder signaled the early end of the family picnic.
Jasper should not have laid his new black sweater on the bed, for Josie, his beagle, found it the perfect place to nap.
Squeeze, a seven-foot python, has lain all day in a corner of his aquarium, his inquisitive tongue the only movement indicating life.
Lorenzo would have lain on the sofa all day if the cushions didn’t stink of dog.

Additional Examples

Check out these additional examples for lay:
Every afternoon, Robin lays her keys on the counter, and then Buster, her cat, bats them onto the floor.
Robin puts her keys on the counter.
Zaw laid his head in his hands and sobbed. He had a 79.4 average in his English class, and the evil Mrs. Varner would not bump his grade to a B.
Zaw put his head in his hands.
If Latorrance had not laid his essay on the cafeteria table, ketchup stains would not decorate four of the pages.
Latorrance put his essay on the table.
Here are more examples for lie:
After a hard day of chewing pig ears and scratching fleas, my dog Floyd lies on the kitchen floor and takes a well-deserved nap.
Floyd rests on the kitchen floor.
Shimmering with all the colors of the spectrum, a thick, greasy filmlay on the surface of the squid eyeball stew.
The thick, greasy film rested on the surface of the stew.
The bill for the expensive meal has lain on the table so long that Melissa wonders if her boyfriend Kris has forgotten that it is his turn to pay.
The bill rests on the table.