miércoles, 15 de junio de 2016

CHOOSE THE BEST CAREER FOR YOUR GOALS AND PERSONALITY

CHOOSE THE BEST CAREER FOR YOUR GOALS AND PERSONALITY


Did you know that work can make you happy? At least, it’s one of the major factors in determining overall happiness, and a large part of how happy work makes you is determined by the career you choose. Here are some things to consider when you’re deciding on a career.

1) How do you enjoy interacting with people?


If you’re very much a “people person”, you may enjoy a career that allows you to constantly meet new people and, in many cases, solve their problems. This can be anything from standing on stage as a public speaker to helping people with research as a librarian.

If you prefer to have somewhat limited contact with other people, look for a career where you’ll be able to work as part of a small team instead. You may never need to deal with more than a few individuals, but you will be able to form steady, ongoing relationships with the people you know.

Humans are inherently social beings, and it can be hard to be happy when we’re totally isolated. That’s why your career should include a way to interact with others in a way that’s comfortable for you.


2) What would you like to accomplish? 


Is a job just a way of paying bills and allowing you to eat, or is it something that allows you to advance towards your personal goals? You’re not going to be very happy if you’re drifting aimlessly through life - your career should be used as a way of accomplishing something, even if it’s as small as being able to put a smile on someone else’s face.

In many cases, you’ll need a better education if you’re going to have any hope of accomplishing these goals, so look over your options for a degree and see if any of them would be useful.





3) What kind of work environment do you enjoy?


Some workplaces have a faster pace than others. Technology companies may be bustling all the time, while delivery services give you a lot of time on the open road. There’s no “correct” amount of pressure for a workplace, because the simple truth is that different people enjoy different work environments.

If you’re not sure what kind of environment you’d like, consider job shadowing at several different locations. Exposure to different environments can help you decide what you’re most comfortable with.

4) How much money do you want to make?


Let’s face it, not everyone is going to be a millionaire - and money isn’t the source of all happiness, either. In fact, as far as how you feel on a day-to-day basis, money only matters until you’ve met all of your needs and feel comfortable with your income. Past that point, people’s happiness is influenced mainly by their experiences and how accomplished they feel.

Don’t just look at the average starting salary for your industry, though - look at your opportunities for growth. Some industries offerconsiderably higher wages later on, while others are pretty flat no matter how long people have been working for them.

5) What are the steps of your career?


Most people don’t step into a job and then do that one thing for the rest of their lives. Whether you’re seeking promotion within the company or planning to eventually transfer to another job somewhere else, careers are usually more of a series of steps than anything else. Think about where you’d like to be, then find out how you can get there.


However, don’t try to force yourself to rise higher than you really want to be. Some people are quite happy with the position they’re able to reach and don’t want to do anything else, and that’s just fine.You are the only person who can decide what you’ll be satisfied with - so all you have to do is keep working until you reach that point.

Guest blogger 

Vera Marie Reed is an ex-elementary school teacher turned freelance writer from Glendale, California. She graduated from CSUN with a degree in elementary education and is now a stay at home mother to her two young daughters. She likes to write about education and parenting issues, and she hopes on day to write and illustrate a series of children's books.  @VMReed

martes, 14 de junio de 2016

Reported Speech Exercises

Reported Speech Exercises


Here's a list of all the reported speech exercises:
Reported Statements:
Reported Questions:
Reported Orders and Requests:
Mixed Exercises:


reported speech exercises

Practice reported speech with these exercises.

jueves, 9 de junio de 2016

REPORTING VERBS

REPORTING VERBS

Some reporting verbs may appear in more than one of the following groups because they can be used in several ways.
VERBS FOLLOWED BY "IF" OR "WHETHER"
ask
know
remember
say
see
 
VERBS FOLLOWED BY A "THAT"
add
admit
agree
announce
answer
argue
boast
claim
comment
complain
confirm
consider
deny
doubt
estimate
explain
fear
feel
insist
mention
observe
persuade
propose
remark
remember
repeat
reply
report
reveal
say
state
suggest
suppose
tell
think
understand
warn
VERBS FOLLOWED BY EITHER "THAT" OR AN INFINITIVE WITH "TO"
decide
expect
guarantee
hope
promise
swear
threaten
 
VERBS FOLLOWED BY A "THAT" CLAUSE CONTAINING SHOULD, WHICH MAY BE OMITTED, LEAVING A SUBJECT + ZERO-INFINITIVE
advise
beg
demand
insist
prefer
propose
recommend
request
suggest
VERBS FOLLOWED BY A CLAUSE STARTING WITH A QUESTION WORD
decide
describe
discover
discuss
explain
forget
guess
imagine
know
learn
realise
remember
reveal
say
see
suggest
teach
tell
think
understand
wonder
VERBS FOLLOWED BY OBJECT + INFINITIVE WITH "TO"
advise
ask
beg
command
forbid
instruct
invite
teach
tell
warn

REPORTED SPEECH WORKSHEET TO DOWNLOAD

download worksheet to work on

miércoles, 8 de junio de 2016

REPORTING VERBS






Reporting verbs with that clauses:

Some verbs introduce a report, an idea or a summary. These verbs have the pattern:
N + V + (that) + clause
When we want to say what someone says or thinks we can use a clause with that;
He said that I had to see a doctor.
I thought that he was being silly.
We can leave out the word that:
He said I had to see a doctor.
I thought he was being silly.
With some verbs we can mention the hearer as the object of the verb:
She reminded him that it was time to go.
He told me he was a friend of yours.
These verbs have the pattern;
N + V + N + (that) + clause.

Reporting verbs with wh- and if clauses

Some verbs introduce summaries, reports, questions or problems:
She explained what we had to do.
He asked if I was ready
I didn’t know what to do.
These verbs have the pattern:
N + V + wh- + clause:
She wondered where she was.
or
N + V + if + clause:
Ken asked if we wanted to go.
With some verbs we can mention the hearer as the object of the verb:
She asked me if I was ready.
He told me what I had to do.
These verbs have the pattern:
N + V + N + wh- + clause:
I told them what he was doing.
or
N + V + N + if + clause:
Ken asked us if we wanted to go.

Pronoun changes in Reported Speech

sábado, 4 de junio de 2016

describing pictures: phrases

Speaking Phrases
Likes/dislikesI’m into…I’m a keen/avid (surfer)
I’m keen on/fond of (surfing)
I (go surfing) to unwind, to escape the stresses and strains of my day to day life.
I like nothing more than (to go surfing)
I’m itching to try/go…. (I really want to)
OpinionAs far as I’m concerned,As I see it,
From my point of view,
In my humble opinion,
I’d say that…
Comparing/contrastingBoth pictures show…In this picture they look as though they are…. Whereas/while in this picture…
In contrast
On the other hand
Describing picturesThe first thing that strikes me about this picture is…The thing that really jumps out of this picture is…
In this picture it looks as if/though they are…
They could/might/may be…
They could/might/may have just…
I’m pretty sure that they’re feeling…
I’d guess that they are…
AgreeingWe see eye to eye.Yeah, I’d go along with that.
Absolutely!
You took the words right out of my mouth.
I couldn’t agree more.
You have a point there.
I’m with you 100% on this one.
DisagreeingWe don’t see eye to eye.I take your point but…
I tend to disagree with you there.
That’s not always the case
I beg to differ
Isn’t it more a case of…
Starting to make a conclusionLet’s get down to the nitty gritty.The bottom line is we have to choose one…
It’s a tough one, I’m torn between … and ….
Shall we go with ….?
Asking for opinionWhat’s your take on….?Where do you stand on….?
In my opinion…., would you go along with that?
What are your thoughts on this?
PersonalisingSpeaking from personal experience,…For me personally,..
This is a topic that is particularly close to my heart…
It’s funny I was just thinking about this the other day.
My gut/initial reaction is…
If I were to choose one of these situations (part 2 pictures), I’d go with… because…
Impressive structuresAnother point I’d like to add about … is…It’s also worth bearing in mind that…
Coming back to what (Javi) was saying about …. I’d also like to point out that…
I think it’s important not to forget that…
The vast majority of people tend to think that…
At the end of the day…
When all’s said and done…
TipsEye-contactActive listening
Open body language
Speak up
Don’t dominate
Asking for repetitionI beg your pardon, I didn’t catch that.Sorry would you mind repeating that?
Could you repeat the question please?

speaking exam CAE

  • Exam: CAE
  • Course: SPEAKING
  • Part 2, Exam 1

Instructions

Complete the document given by dragging and dropping, or typing, the correct answers into the spaces provided, from the list given alongside.
The finished document will be a model answer for this part of the exam.
writing essay

SPEAKING COMPARING IMAGES

EXAMINER:
I would like you to look at the three images, they show people running. For this part I would like you to compare two of the images and say why the people might be running, and what kind of lives they may have.
STUDENT 1: (1 minute to answer)
Running is an activity that is done for many different reasons.

The natural instinct for a busy person who is late is to run to get to some appointment on time. This could be the case of the person in the first image who looks like a busy businessman and is obviously late because he is looking at his watch. This kind of life is very stressful and hectic, although it could also be very interesting and dynamic.

Running is also an excellent form of exercise, and so many people run for pleasure and to get fit. This is the case for the third image where the young lady is running for pleasure while listening to music. Her life would be very enjoyable,comfortable and stress free as she is able to run in the middle of the day in glorious sunshine with her modern electronic devices and designer training clothes.

If I had the choice, I would prefer to live like the sports girl rather than the busy executive because I am sure it is better for your health. .
EXAMINER:
Which of the pictures is closest to something you have done or experienced, and why?
STUDENT 2: (20 seconds to answer)
A few years ago I was persuaded to run a half marathon by some friends. I had to train very hard, and so the image of the girl running is very similar to my previous experience.

Possible answers:

  • because
  • prefer
  • looking for
  • which
  • show
  • looks like
  • has been

jueves, 2 de junio de 2016

CAE style guides

CAE writing style guide: review

Posted by  on Mar 12, 2013 in CAE style guides |
Part 5 of 5, you can find the other style guides by clicking here: CAE writing style guides. This is a short summary of some style points to keep in mind when attempting the tasks in the Cambridge English: Advanced writing section. Review Who is the audience? The audience for this question is usually an interested consumer or magazine reader. What is the purpose of the writing? You need to describe something (or some things) and give your opinion. Is it formal? No. Should I use headings or bullet points? You can use headings if you like. How should it start? You want to capture the readers’ interest.  Use a good title and an exciting opening sentence. How should it finish? Clearly state your opinion in the...
Read More

CAE writing style guide: report

Posted by  on Mar 12, 2013 in CAE style guides |
Part 4 of 5, you can find the other style guides by clicking here: CAE writing style guides. This is a short summary of some style points to keep in mind when attempting the tasks in the Cambridge English: Advanced writing section. Report Who is the audience? The audience for this question is usually your boss, a professional group, a school administrator or a group of your peers. What is the purpose of the writing? You need to summarise information and make a recommendation in a concise and well-organised manner.  Your target audience usually does not have time to read all the information, so it’s important to use headings and bullet points to help them find what they want. Is it formal? Yes. Should I use headings or bullet points? Yes.  Your target audience wants to quickly find the information they need in order to make their decision. How should it start? “The aim of this report is [paraphrase the relevant information from the prompt].”  This sentence will help you get directly to the substance of the report. How should it finish? Make your...
Read More

CAE writing style guide: proposal

Posted by  on Mar 12, 2013 in CAE style guides |
Part 3 of 5, you can find the other style guides by clicking here: CAE writing style guides. This is a short summary of some style points to keep in mind when attempting the tasks in the Cambridge English: Advanced writing section. Proposal Who is the audience? The audience for this question is usually your boss, a professional group or a school administrator. What is the purpose of the writing? You are suggesting a solution to a problem.  You need to support your suggestion with factual information and be persuasive. Is it formal? Yes. Should I use headings or bullet points? Yes.  Your target audience wants to quickly find the information they need in order to make their decision. How should it start? Use a very simple title (Proposal for _____).  The first section should describe the problem and the possible solutions. How should it finish? Make your...
Read More

CAE writing style guide: letter

Posted by  on Mar 12, 2013 in CAE style guides |
Part 2 of 5, you can find the other style guides by clicking here: CAE writing style guides. This is a short summary of some style points to keep in mind when attempting the tasks in the Cambridge English: Advanced writing section. Letter Who is the audience? This will be given in the prompt. What is the purpose of the writing? You are usually giving information or requesting action.  You should be direct and get to the point quickly. Is it formal? This depends on the audience. Should I use headings or bullet points? No. How should it start? “Dear Sir or Madam (if no name is given), I am writing to…”  This is the expected opening of a letter.  First you explain why you are writing, in the next paragraph you explain why you think you should get what you want. How should it finish? You should clearly re-state your recommendation or desired action in your last paragraph.  This is usually followed by a “I am looking forward to…” statement and “Yours faithfully/Yours sincerely,...
Read More

CAE writing style guide: essay

Posted by  on Mar 12, 2013 in CAE style guides |
Part 1 of 5, you can find the other style guides by clicking here: CAE writing style guides. This is a short summary of some style points to keep in mind when attempting the tasks in the Cambridge English: Advanced writing section. Essay Who is the audience? The audience is a teacher or professor. What is the purpose of the writing? You need to develop an argument or opinion.  Usually this is done in 5 paragraphs: introduction, reason 1 (with examples), reason 2 (with examples), addressing counter-arguments (with examples), conclusion. Is it formal? Yes. Should I use headings or bullet points? No. How should it start? It’s important to provide a kind of framework for the reader in your opening paragraph.  If you have been asked to give your opinion on something, you should state what your opinion is (or give a hint) at the beginning.  This shows that you have a clear goal in mind and a desired outcome for the reader (to be convinced by your arguments).  Without this, you give the impression that you have just thought about things, and written some things, and you managed to convince yourself at the end.  That is appropriate for a blog or journal entry, but not for an essay for your teacher. How should it finish? You need to clearly state your opinion in your...
Read More

miércoles, 1 de junio de 2016

GREEN PLANET: Environment – Vocabulary List and Sentences in English

Environment – Vocabulary List and Sentences in English

PhraseExample
A
acid rainAcid rain is very harmful to the environment.
aerosol, sprayAerosol sprays are the worst cause of pollution in the home.
to affectThis area was affected by the flood.
to ailThe huge trees had been ailing for years before they were cut down.
atmosphereThe Earth's atmosphere is a thin layer of gases that surrounds the Earth.
to be awareI think my neighbour isn't aware of polluting the environment.
B
balanceNature's balance might be disturbed.
biodegradableAll our products are biodegradable.
biodiversityWhat about an evening stroll to look at the biodiversity in our park?
biosphereThe biosphere is the part of the earth's atmosphere and surface in which animals and plants can live.
C
carbonCarbon is a chemical substance contained in all plants and animals.
carbon dioxideThe concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is low.
carbon monoxideCarbon monoxide is emitted by cars.
catalytic converterSince 1993 catalytic converters have been compulsory in Britain.
catastropheThe Florida Hurricane Catastrophe Fund (FHCF) was created in November 1993.
to chop downPoor people often chop down trees for firewood.
climateThe Mediterranean climate is good for growing citrus fruits.
coastal watersMany bays and coastal waters have been contaminated with heavy metals.
cooling agentCooling agents are expensive.
to combatThere should be stricter laws to combat air pollution.
to contaminateThe soil has been contaminated.
creatureIs there a sea creature or not?
D
death of the forestsThe death of the forests is a big problem in Europe.
to destroyThe house was completely destroyed by fire.
destructionThe use of renewable sources could stop the destruction of the rainforests.
detergentTry to use detergents that are perfume free.
to die outAnimals are dying out far more often than you might think.
to diminishThe people try to diminish the pollution of the water.
dirtThe dirt has been removed from the ground.
to disappearMany species disappeared in the last century.
disasterThe recent earthquake in India is a disaster.
disposalUnfortunately, less people know of the disposal of hazardous waste.
droughtDrought had ruined the crops year after year.
to dry up, to parchDuring the long time of drought many rivers have dried up/parched.
to dumpOld washing machines have been dumped near the beach.
dumping groundCity canals are often used as dumping grounds.
dustDo not inhale the dust, it's dangerous.
E
earthquakeOn April 18, 1906, shortly after 5:00 am, a great earthquake struck San Francisco.
ecologyOil pollution could damage the ecology of the costs.
ecosystemJordan appealed for assistance to
help save the ecosystem of the Dead Sea, whose water level is dropping.
emissionThe organization calls for stricter controls on emissions.
to emitSulphur gases were emitted by the spewing volcano.
endangeredThe sea turtle is an endangered species.
energy conservationEnergy conservation is a process of saving energy.
energy sourceSpace energy is one of the energy sources of the future.
energy-efficientEnergy-efficient windows help to lower your heating costs.
environmentWe must protect the environment.
environmentalistEnvironmentalists are people who love the natural world.
to erodeIt took about 67,000 years to erode the Grand Canyon.
erosionWind and water are the main agents of soil erosion.
evolutionThe introduction of cloned plants will effect evolution.
exhaust fumesOver the past month officers have been stopping vehicles in Manchester to test exhaust fumes.
to be exposed toYou risk skin cancer if you are often exposed to strong sunlight.
extinctHawaii is home to a great many extinct species.
F
factory farmingIs factory farming a way of animal abuse?
famineThe Irish Famine of 1846-50 took as many as a million lives from hunger and disease.
fertileFertile land is land where things grow easily.
fertilizerFertilizers are chemicals given to plants with the intention of promoting growth.
FischdampferTrawlers, are not permitted on the lake.
fumeWorkers are exposed to fumes from asphalt.
fumesThe lava gives off clouds of toxic fumes as it flows into the Pacific Ocean.
G
geothermalThe first geothermal power station was built in Landrella, Italy.
global warmingThey started a campaign to slow down the process of global warming.
greenhouse effectThe greenhouse effect is the rise in temperature caused by gases in the atmosphere.
H
hardest hitOur town was hardest hit by last year's earthquake.
to harmPollution can harm animals and the environment.
to be harmfulAir pollution is harmful to everyone.
heat waveSlow down and avoid strenuous activity if a heat wave is happening.
heavy metalLess heavy metal has been introduced by air into the Baltic Sea since the 1990s.
hydrocarbonVarious hydrocarbons have been found in Jupiter's atmosphere.
I
industrial wasteIndustrial waste can contain small amounts of radioactive materials.
insulationOften glass fibre is used as roof insulation.
L
to leakOil leaked out of the tank.
to loadThe owners of the local factories are loaded with new environmental laws.
M
marine lifeAround the islands marine life is seriously threatened by oil slick.
to menaceHurricane Hugo menaced the US coast for seven days.
N
natural gas61 percent of US households used natural gas for heating in 2002.
O
oil slickLarge oil slicks were found near the coast.
overfertilizationOverfertilization is a common problem.
oxygenThe cells need oxygen to survive.
ozone layerThe ozone layer screens out the sun's harmful ultraviolet radiation.
P
permissionAsk permission for the privilege to cross private land.
poisonThe cat was killed by rat poison.
poisonousShe has lots of poisonous plants in her garden.
the polar ice capsIf the polar ice caps melt, the ocean levels rise.
to pollutePlease do not pollute the air.
pollutionAir pollution is a problem for all of us.
power stationPower stations are only about 40 per cent efficient.
precipitationRain, snow, hail and sleet are types of precipitation.
preservationHe is interested in historic preservation.
preventionThe prevention of litter is very important.
to protectRussia wants to protect the environment in the Baltic region.
to purifyYou can purify water with two chemicals: chlorine bleach and iodine.
R
radiationRadiation is used for medical reasons.
rainforestTropical rainforests are the Earth's oldest living ecosystems.
to recycleThis carton is made from recycled paper.
remedial actionThe Great Lakes Remedial Action Plan Program was created in 1987.
renewablerenewable energy system converts the energy found in sunlight, wind, falling water, waves, geothermal heat, or biomass.
reusableThere are two kinds of plastic bottles: reusable bottles and single-service bottles.
S
to screen fromYou should screen your eyes from the sun when hiking in the mountains.
sea levelDeath Valley lies 86 metres (282 feet) below sea level.
sewageSewage, used water, comes from factories and households.
sewage plantThe city needs to have a sewage plant.
sludgeSludge is often used on agricultural land.
soilSoil is the top layer of the earth in which trees, plant etc. grow.
solventBenzene and turpentine are solvents.
starvationStarvation is the most severe form of malnutrition.
stratosphereThe ozone layer is within the stratosphere.
surfaceAbout 70% of the Earth's surface is covered with water.
T
to threatenToxic chemical substances threaten sea turtles.
tideThe tide is in/out.
timberTimber is wood for building ships and houses.
toxic wasteA ship with toxic waste sank.
toxic waste dumpThe toxic waste dump was built.
trawlerTrawlers, are not permitted on the lake.
U
unleadedUnleaded petrol is less harmful to the environment.
untreatedCoastal cities often dump their untreatened wastes into the sea.
urbanizationThe urabanization is a world-wide trend.
W
waste heatThe use of waste heat will reduce electricity consumption.
waste paperRecycling waste paper is a favourable method.
waste separationDo you know how to do waste separation?
wind energyWind energy is widely used in South Africa for water pumping.
windpark/windfarmOffshore windfarms have been built.